2019 №1 (62) Our authors

Michiko Ikuta — Ph. D., Emeritus Professor at Osaka State University.

Research interest: Russian-Japanese relations, Russian Diaspora in Northeast Asia, everyday life of Japanese women in territories occupied by the Soviet Army and in Siberian concentration camps, repressed Russian Japanologists.

Contact information: e-mail: akazn800@tcn.zaq.ne.jp

 

Stepkin Vitaliy Viktorovich — Candidate of History, history teacher at a secondary school in the town of Pavlovsk.

Research interests: cave building in the history and traditional culture of European Russia
(the 17th — early 21st centuries).

Contact information: e-mail: archeolog@mail.ru

 

Zuev Aleksey Nikolaevich — Postgraduate student of the Department of History at Kostroma State University.

Research interests: cooperation in the USSR in the 20th century.

Contact information: e-mail: zuewa-1987@mail.ru

 

Kabirova Ayslu Sharipzyanovna — Doctor of History, Leading researcher in the Department of Modern History at the Institute of History named for Sh. Marjani of the Academy of Science of the Tatar Republic.

Research interests: World War II, the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

Contact information: e-mail: aikabirova@mail.ru

 

Khanipova Ilnara Ildusovna — senior researcher in Department of Modern History at the Institute of History named for Sh. Marjani of the Academy of Science of the Tatar Republic.

Research interests: the history of childhood, the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

Contact information: e-mail: ihanipova@mail.ru

 

Solodyankina Olga Yuryevna — Doctor of History, Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy at Cherepovets State University

Research interests: history of education, intercultural communication

Contact information: e-mail: olga_solodiankin@mail.ru

 

Panchenko Alla Aleksandrovna — Postgraduate Student of Nizhny Novgorod State Linguistic University named for N. A. Dobrolyubov.

Research interests: state policy in the sphere of linguistic education in the Soviet Union.

Contact information: e-mail: alla.vdovina@gmail.com

 

Shevchenko Andrey Aleksandrovich — Postgraduate Student of the Department of History at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: the Battle of Moscow (1941–1942) in the Ryazan Region.

Contact information: e-mail: tvtku@yandex.ru

 

Kozyakova Natalya Sergeyevna — Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science and Law at Moscow State Regional University.

Research interests: church history, ideology of neofascism, history of Austria, World War II.

Contact information: e-mail: nkozyakowa@yandex.ru

 

Gornov Vladimir Anatolyevich — Candidate of History, Associate Professor, Vice-rector for Research at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: Sociocultural research, Russian history of the late 19th century, regional studies.

Contact information: e-mail: v.gornov@yandex.ru

 

Malakhov Mikhail Georgiyevich — Hero of the Russian Federation, Candidate of Medicine, Senior researcher of the Russian America research center at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: Russiaʼs geographical heritage.

Contact information: e-mail: centrepole@mail.ru

 

Tesalovsky Andrey Albertovich — Candidate of Technology, Associate Professor in the Department of Urban Cadastre and Geodesy at Vologda State University.

Research interests: land management and cadaster.

Contact information: Phone No. (Ofc.): (8172) 72-52-48, ext. 350, 352; e-mail: andrew-tesalovsky@
yandex.ru

Avdeev Yury Mikhailovich — Candidate of Agriculture, Associate Professor in the Department of Town Planning Cadastre and Geodesy at Vologda State University.

Research interests: cadastral and land management.

Contact information: е-mail: avdeevyur@yandex.ru

 

Yamashkin Anatoly Alexandrovich — Doctor of Geography, Professor in the Department of Land Development, Dean of Faculty of Geography at Mordovia National Research University named for N. P. Ogarev.

Research interests: geoinformation technologies, landscape planning.

Contact information: e-mail: yamashkin56@mail.ru

 

Silaeva Tatyana Borisovna — Doctor of Biology, Professor, Professor in the Department of Botany, Physiology and Plant Ecology of the Faculty of Biotechnology and Biology of Mordovia State University named for N. P. Ogarev.

Research interest: botany, biogeography, floristry.

Contact information: e-mail: tbsilaeva@yandex.ru 

 

Yamashkin Stanislav Anatolyevich — Candidate of Technology, Associate Professor in the Department of Automated Systems of Information Processing and Management of the Institute of Electronics and Lighting Engineering of Mordovia State University named for N. P. Ogarev.

Research interest: information systems.

Contact information: e-mail: yamashkinsa@mail.ru

 

Zarubin Oleg Aleksandrovich  — Lecturer in the Department of Land Management and Landscape Architecture of the Faculty of Geography of Mordovia State University named for N. P. Ogarev.

Research interest: geoinformation technology, landscape planning.

Contact information: e-mail: oleg-zarubin@list.ru  

 

Ruzhinskaya Lubov Aleksandrovna — Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economic and Social Geography and Tourism at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: Russian territorial economy and population geography.

Contact information: Phone No. (Ofc.): 8 (4912) 28-13-12; e-mail: l.ruzhinskaya@ 365.rsu.edu.ru

 

Krivtsov Vyacheslav Andreyevich — Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor in the Department of Geography and Geography Teaching Methodology of the Faculty of Geography at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: regional geomorphology, physical geography.

Contact information: Phone No.: (4912) 28-19-36; e-mail: v.krivtsov@365.rsu.edu.ru

 

Vodorezov Aleksey Vladimirovich — Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Geography and Geography Teaching Methodology at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: ecological geomorphology, landscape studies, biogeography.

Contact information: Phone No.: (4912) 28-19-36; e-mail: a.vodorezov@365.rsu.edu.ru

 

Vorobyev Aleksey Yuryevich — Assistant of the Department of Physical Geography and Geography Teaching Methodology at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: regional geomorphology, physical geography, paleogeography.

Contact information: e-mail: a.vorobyov@365.rsu.edu.ru

 

Puzakov Sergey Vyacheslavovich — geodetic engineer, Interstar Stroy LLC.

Research interests: regional physical geography, landscape science.

Contact information: e-mail: a.vorobyov@365.rsu.edu.ru

 

Sheina Irina Mikhaylovna — Candidate of Philology, Professor in the Department of Oriental Languages and Language Teaching Methodology at Ryazan Sate University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: lexical borrowings, linguistic conceptualization, discourse analysis.

Contact information: e-mail: i.sheina@365.rsu.edu.ru

 

Reshetova Anna Anatolyevna — Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor in the Department of Literature at Ryazan State University named for S. A. Yesenin.

Research interests: ancient Russian Literary journey, XVI–XVII century pilgrim literature.

Contact information: Phone No (Ofc.): (4912) 25-35-49; е-mail: a.reshetova@365.rsu.edu.ru

 

 

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2019 №1 (62) Article 14

I.M. Sheina

RUSSIAN BORROWINGS IN THE ALEUT LANGUAGE AS AN ASPECT OF RUSSIAN AMERICA HERITAGE

UDC 811.56’373.45(=82)

The article presents the results of semantic and stylistic analyses of Russian borrowings in the Aleut language. The study aims at clarifying the specific features of Russian-Aleut cross-cultural and cross-linguistic contacts. The focus of the research is on borrowings proper, words that were borrowed both in form and in meaning. The influx of Russian words is explained by both extra-linguistic and linguistic factors. It was necessary to give names to new objects and phenomena, and changes in the life style revealed the necessity of further specification of thematic groups. The semantic analysis helped to identify the thematic groups with the largest influx of Russian words. The stylistic analysis revealed a significant number of dialectal words, historical words, archaisms and professionalisms. The results of the study show a profound and multifaceted impact of the Russian language and culture on the Aleuts.

archaisms; borrowings; dialectal words; historical words; professionalisms; Russian America; thematic groups

REFERENCES

  1. Weinreich, W. Yazykovye kontakty [Language contacts]. Kiev, Vyscha shkola, 1979. 246 p.
  2. Golovko E. V., Vakhtin N. B. Asinovsky A. S. YAzyk komandorskih aleutov. Dialekt ostrova Bering [The Language of the commander Aleuts. The dialect of Bering island]. Saint Petersburg, Science, 2009. 355 p. (In Russian).
  3. Black L. T. Russians in Alaska 1732–1867. Fairbanks, Alaska : Alaska University Press, 2004. 328 p. (In English).
  4. Bergsland K. Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks, Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1994, 755 p. (In English).
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2019 №1 (62) Article 13

V.A. Krivtsov, A. V. Vodorezov, A. Yu. Vorobyev, S. V. Puzakov

UNFAVORABLE AND POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS EXOGENOUS  RELIEF-FORMING PROCESSES  AT THE TERRITORY OF THE RYAZAN REGION

UDC 551.4(741.313)

 

The article treats modern exogenous relief-forming processes and their distribution at the territory of the Ryazan region, including unfavorable and potentially dangerous exogenous relief-forming processes, such as sheet erosion and gully erosion in interfluvial areas and valley slopes, side erosion in river flood plains, ravine erosion, landslide activity on the valley slopes, karst processes, suffusion, collapsible soils, biogenic accumulation in flood plains, fluvial terraces and interfluvial areas, and aeolian processes. The article analyzes the surface area affected by the above mentioned processes.

 

relief-forming processes; sheet erosion; gully erosion; erosion; landslide activity; karst processes; suffusion; collapsible soils; biogenic accumulation; aeolian processes

REFERENCES

  1. Vodorezov A. V., Krivtsov V. A. Antropogennaya transformaciya rel’efa na territorii ryazanskoj oblasti i eyo rol’ v formirovanii sovremennyh landshaftov [Anthropogenic transformation of relief in Ryazan region and its role in the formation of modern landscapes]. Ryazan, Ryazan State University named for S. A. Esenin, 2005, 219 p. (In Russian).
  2. Vodorezov A. V., Puzakov S. V. Padings on interstream areas in the Northern part of Oka-Don plain: the number, the severity of the relief and landscapes. Kladovshchikova M. E., Tokarev S. V. (ed.) Materialy ХХХV Plenuma Geomorfologicheskoj komissii RAN “Teoriya i metody sovremennoj geomorfologii” [Papers of the 35th Plenum of the Geomorphological Commission of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Theory and Methods of Modern Geomorphology”]. Simferopol, 2016, vol. 2, pp. 144–148. (In Russian).
  3. Vorobyev A. Yu. Local deformations of the Oka middle riverbed in its middle reaches. Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni S. A. Esenina [Vestnik of the Ryazan State University named for S. A. Esenin]. 2018, no. 4 (61), pp. 113–124. (In Russian).
  4. Vorobyev A. Yu., Puzakov S. V. The dynamics of side erosion of the concave banks of the Oka river in its middle course. Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni S. A. Esenina [Vestnik of the Ryazan State University named for S. A. Esenin]. 2017, no. 3 (56), pp. 152–161. (In Russian).
  5. Krivtsov V. A., Vorobyev A. Yu. Spatial patterns and formation of floodplain morphology of the Oka river in the Ryazan region. Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni S. A. Esenina [Vestnik of the Ryazan State University named for S. A. Esenin]. 2014, no. 1 (42), pp. 141–154. (In Russian).
  6. Krivtsov V. A., Vodorezov A. V. Osobennosti stroeniya i formirovaniya rel’efa na territorii Ryazanskoj oblasti [Features of the structure and formation of relief in Ryazan region]. Ryazan, Ryazan State University named for S. A. Esenin, 2006, 276 p. (In Russian).
  7. Krivtsov V. A., Vodorezov A. V. Active exogenous topography change in Ryazan region. Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni S. A. Esenina [Vestnik of the Ryazan State University named for S. A. Esenin]. 2014, no. 2 (43), pp. 126–142. (In Russian).
  8. Krivtsov V. A., Tobratov S. A, Vodorezov A. V., Komarov M. M., Zheleznova O. S., Soloviova E. A. Prirodnyj potencial landshaftov Ryazanskoj oblasti [The potential of natural landscapes in Ryazan region]. Ryazan, Ryazan State University named for S. A. Esenin, 2011, 768 p. (In Russian).
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2019 №1 (62) Article 12

L.A. Ruzhinskaya

ASSESSMENT AND TENDENCIES OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE RYAZAN REGION

UDC 796.5(471.313)

 

The article treats various problems related to tourism development in the Ryazan Region. It investigates tourist resources and type of tourism popular in the region. It identifies major trends of tourism development and their potential competitive advantages. The article analyzes tourism flows, tourism accommodation potential, and meal facilities. It identifies the role of the cluster approach in the development of tourism infrastructure. It analyzes various factors hindering tourism growth and defines various problems of tourism development in the region.

 

recreation complex; types of tourism; tourism product; tourist resources; tourism infrastructure; tourist flow; accommodation potential

REFERENCES

  1. Ruzhinskaya L. A. Analysis of the development of tourist infrastructure in the Ryazan Re Komissarova T. (ed.) Materialy VII Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf., 20 aprelya 2015 g. “Servisu i turizmu — innovacionnoe razvitie” [Materials of the VII International Scientific Practical Conference “Service and Tourism — Innovative Development”]. Saint Petersburg, Leningrad State University named after A. S. Pushkin, 2015, pp. 165–169. (In Russian).
  2. Ruzhinskaya L. A. Assessment of the Development of Tourism in the Ryazan Region. Komissarova T. (ed.) Materialy IX Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. 24 marta 2017 g. “Servisu i turizmu — innovacionnoe razvitie” [Materials of the IX International Scientific Practical Conference “Service and Tourism — Innovative Development”]. Saint Petersburg, Leningrad State University named after A. S. Pushkin, 2017, pp. 69–72. (In Russian).
  3. Ruzhinskaya L. A. Prospects for the development of ecological tourism in the Ryazan Region. Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni S. A. Esenina [Bulletin of Ryazan State University named after S. A. Yesenin]. 2017, no. 2 (55), pр. 175–180. (In Russian).
  4. Ruzhinskaya L. A. The Role of Tourist and Recreational Clusters in the Development of Tourism in the Ryazan Region. V. Krivtsov (ed.). Materialy Vseros. konf., posvyashch. 30-letiyu nachala podgotovki specialistov-geografov v RGU im. S. A. Esenina i Godu ehkologii v Rossijskoj Federacii, 22–24 noyabrya 2017 g.Voprosy geografii i ehkologii” [Materials of the All-Russian Conference dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the beginning of the training of specialists-geographers at RSU them. S. A. Yesenin and the Year of Ecology in the Russian Federation “Geography and Ecology Issues”]. Ryazan, Ryazan State University named after S. A. Yesenin, 2017, pp. 97–102. (In Russian).
  5. Turizm i otdyh v Ryazanskoj oblasti [Tourism and recreation in the Ryazan region]. (in Russian). Available at: http://ryazantourism.ru/tourisms/9 (accessed:12. 2018).
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2019 №1 (62) Article 11

A.A. Yamashkin, T. B. Silayeva, S. A. Yamashkin, O. A. Zarubin

THE GEOINFORMATION MODEL OF THE VALLEY OF THE MIDDLE REACHES OF THE SURA RIVER FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SYSTEM OF PROTECTED AREAS

 UDC 551.436(282.247.413)

 

The article investigates issues related to the practical implementation of the results of landscape modeling for the development and implementation of environmental protection programs at the example of the valley of the middle reaches of the Sura river. The analysis of spatial and temporal aspects of geosystems interprets the data accumulated by the Mordovia geographic information system (GIS) and synthetic maps developed using the signal processing mechanism. The main sources of information are Earth remote sensing data, databases storing the results of field research inventorying rare and threatened plant species included into the Red Lists of the Republic of Mordovia and the Ulyanovsk Region, synthetic maps of ecological balance areas between the Oka and Volga rivers. Discussing the results of the research, the article provides a description of landscape structure and an account of the distribution of rare plant species. It characterizes the forest-steppe ecotone in the valley of the Sura river, pine and mixed conifer forest structures of the ancient alluvial plains and fluvioglacial plains, floodplain hydromorphuc geosystems. Special attention is given to Lake Inerka, the largest water reservoir in the Republic of Mordovia. The article maintains that the valley of the middle reaches of the Sura river is characterized by high landscape and cenotic diversity.

 

geoinformation modeling; geosystem; landscape; protected areas; rare plant species; synthetic map

REFERENCES

  1. Yamashkin A. А. (ed.). Geograficheskij Atlas Respubliki Mordoviya [Geographical Atlas of the Republic of Mordovia]. Saransk, Mordovia University Publ., 2012, 204 p. (In Russian).
  2. Silaeva T. B. (ed.). Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Mordoviya. Redkie vidy rastenij i gribov [Red Book of the Republic of Mordovia. Rare plant and mushroom species (ed. 2)]. Saransk, Mordovia University Publ., 2017, vol. 1, 288 p. (In Russian).
  3. Trutnev U. P. (ed.). Krasnaya kniga Rossijskoj Federacii (rasteniya i griby) [The Red Book of the Russian Federation (plants and mushrooms)]. Moscow, KMK, 2008, 885 p. (In Russian).
  4. Artemieva E. A. (ed.). Krasnaya kniga Ul’yanovskoj oblasti [Red Book of the Ulyanovsk Region]. Moscow, Buki Vedi Publ., 2015, 550 p. (In Russian).
  5. Silaeva T. B. (ed.). Redkie rasteniya i griby. Materialy dlya vedeniya Krasnoj knigi Respubliki Mordoviya za 2015 g. [Rare plants and mushrooms. Materials for maintaining the Red Book of the Republic of Mordovia for 2015]. Saransk, Mordovia University Publ., 2015, 140 p. (In Russian).
  6. Silaeva T. B. (ed.). Redkie rasteniya i griby. Materialy dlya vedeniya Krasnoj knigi Respubliki Mordoviya za 2016 g. [Rare plants and mushrooms. Materials for maintaining the Red Book of the Republic of Mordovia for 2016]. Saransk, Mordovia University Publ., 2016, 100 p. (In Russian).
  7. Silaeva T. B. (ed.). Sosudistye rasteniya Respubliki Mordoviya (konspekt flory) [Vascular plants of the Republic of Mordovia (outline of flora)]. Saransk, Mordovia University Publ., 2010, 352 p. (In Russian).
  8. Tishkov A. A. (ed.). Territories of special conservation value of the Republic of Mordovia. Izumrudnaya kniga Rossijskoj Federacii. Territorii osobogo prirodoohrannogo znacheniya Evropejskoj Rossii [Emerald book of the Russian Federation. Territories of special conservation value of European Russia]. Moscow, Institute of Geography of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2013, vol. 1, pp. 97–116.
    (In Russian).
  9. Tikhomirov V. N., Silaeva Т. B. Konspekt flory Mordovskogo Prisur’ya. Sosudistye rasteniya [Abstract of the flora of Mordovian Prisurye. Vascular plants]. Moscow, Moscow University Publ., 1990, 82 p. (In Russian).
  10. Yamashkin A. A., Yamashkin S. A., Klikunov A. A., Akashkina A. G., Shukshin U. S. Use of GIS in the analysis of the morphological structure of landscapes. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Ser. “Biologiya. Nauki o Zemle” [Bulletin of Udmurt University. Biology. Earth Sciences]. 2013, no. 6 (3),
    115–122. (In Russian).
  11. Yamashkin A. A., Novikova L. A., Yamashkin S. A., Yakovlev E. U., Uhanova O. M. Spatial model of landscapes of the western slopes of the Volga Upland. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Ser. “Biologiya. Nauki o Zemle” [Bulletin of Udmurt University. Biology. Earth Sciences]. 2015, vol. 25, no. 3 (163), pp. 124–132. (In Russian).
  12. Yamashkin A. A., Yamashkin S. A. Use of direct distribution neural networks for landscape mapping on the basis of space images. Geodeziya i kartografiya [Geodesy and Cartography]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 52–58. (In Russian).
  13. Yamashkin A. A., Yamashkin S. A. Application of the edge selection algorithm to solving the problem of modeling the boundaries of landscapes. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. “Geografiya. Geoehkologiya” [Bulletin of Voronezh State University. Geography. Geoecology]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russian).
  14. Yamashkin A. A., Yamashkin S. A. Structure of a regional GIS for landscape planning purposes. Izvestiya Smolenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [News of Smolensk State University]. 2014, vol. 4, no. 28 (163), pp. 305–314. (In Russian).

 

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2019 №1 (62) Article 10

A.A. Tesalovsky, Yu. M. Avdeev

THE HISTORY OF LAND CADASTRE: LAND MANAGEMENT AND LAND SURVEYING IN SOUTH DAKOTA (part 2)

UDC 336.211.1(783)(09)

The article deals with the peculiarities of land surveying and the history of land demarcation in South Dakota. It also focuses on geodetic and cartographic woks performed at the territory of South Dakota and related to cadastral divisions. It focuses on the history of establishing three initial points that mark the beginning point for a cadastral survey: the Fifth principal meridian first surveyed in 1815, the Sixth principal meridian first surveyed in 1855, and the Black Hills meridian first surveyed in 1878. The article provides the longitude and the latitude of the initial points. The territory of South Dakota was unevenly surveyed due to the Black Hills Gold Rush which began in 1876 and brought about the necessity to survey lands that had not been demarcated by the Public Land Survey System. The initial point in the Black Hills region facilitated the surveys in the state. In South Dakota, land demarcation was performed against the background of demarcation technology development and, therefore, correction lines (standard parallels) were not always equally distanced. Even though quality control measures were intensified, land demarcation was sometimes oversimplified (especially when it concerned Indian territories, which necessitated a repeated survey. By the end of the 20th century, the Public Land Survey System embraced almost all South Dakota.

 

principal meridian; landowning; Indian reservation; land management; initial point; area

REFERENCES

  1. Anohina V. S. Iowa. SShA i Kanada: ekonomika, politika, kultura [USA and Canada: Economy, Politics, Culture]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 121– (In Russian).
  2. Anohina V. S. Iowa. SShA i Kanada: ekonomika, politika, kultura [USA and Canada: Economy, Politics, Culture]. 2016, no. 9, pp. 118– (In Russian).
  3. Burt W. A. A Key to the Solar Compass and Surveyor’s Companion: Comprising All the Rules Necessary for Use in the Field. New York, D. Van Nostrand Company, 1879, 118 p. (In English).
  4. Fodness R. S. A Brief History of Land Surveys in South Dakota. Rapid City, South Dakota State Board of Technical Professions, 1994, 44 p. (In English)
  5. Luebke K. A. Black Hills Principal Meridian. Principal Meridian Project. (In English). Available at: http://www.pmproject.org/Black%20Hills.htm (accessed: 03.12.2018).
  6. Luebke K. A. The Sixth Principal Meridian: Mahaska, Kansas. Principal Meridian Project. (In English). Available at: http://www.pmproject.org/6pm.htm (accessed: 03.12.2018)
  7. Manual of Surveying Instructions — For the Survey of the Public Lands of the United States. Morrisville, United State Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, 2016, 510 p. (In English)
  8. Manz L. A. The Public Land Survey System (PLSS). Pt. 2. North Dakota Department of Mineral Resources. Geo News. 2014, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 8–10. (In English)
  9. Penry J. Initial Point of the Black Hills Meridian. Nebraska Surveying. (In English). Available at: http://www.penryfamily.com/surveying/blackhillsinitialpoint.html (accessed: 03.12.2018).
  10. Shankland J. N. The Fifth Principal Meridian. Principal Meridian Project. (In English). Available at: http://www.pmproject.org/5pm.htm (accessed: 03.12.2018).
  11. White A. C. A History of the Rectangular Survey System. Washington, Bureau of Land Management, 1983, 774 p. (In English)
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2019 №1 (62) Article 9

A. Gornov, M. G. Malakhov

RUSSIAN STRONGHOLDS OF THE 19th CENTURY IN CENTRAL ASIA (Assessing the Results of a Research Expedition)

UDC 711.559(57)(09)«18»

The article briefly assesses the results of an expedition aimed at the investigation of military operations and administrative activities performed by an outstanding Russian military officer and statesman M. D. Skobelev in Central Asia.  The research expedition was aimed at restoring the itinerary of the Russian military forces during the Khivan campaign of 1873 and the Alay military-scientific expedition of 1876. The expedition explored the ruins of fortresses of Khorezm and Russian strongholds of Novo-Aleksandrovsk and Aleksandrovsk (Fort-Shevchenko), Kendrili bay and the Ustyurt Plateau through which Russian military forces had marched on their way to the heart of the Khanate of Khiva. To commemorate M. D. Skobelev’s 175th anniversary, the expedition ascended Skobelev peak, the highest mountain of the Kichik-Alay mountain range (Kyrgyzstan) to install a memorial nameplate and a capsule containing earth from the Skobelevs’ estate in the village of Zaborovo (Aleksndro-Nevsky district, Ryazan region). The participants of the expedition interviewed local people, collected and systematized the interviews, made photographs and videos, collected artifacts related to the investigated period.

Russian administration in Turkestan; Mikhail Dmitriyevich Skobelev; the Khivan campaign of 1873; the Alay military-scientific expedition of 1876; Russian strongholds at the eastern coast of the Caspian sea

REFERENCES

  1. Abashin S. L., Arapov D. Yu., Bekmakhanova N. E. [et all], Bekmakhanova N. E. (ed.). Central’naya Aziya v sostave Rossijskoj imperii [Central Asia in the Russian Empire]. Moscow, New literary review, 2008, 464 p. (In Russian).
  2. Gijsman P., Bogdanov A. Skobelev Mikhail Dmitrievich Russkij biograficheskij slovarʼ [Russian biographical dictionary : the 25 t.]. Saint Petersburg., 1904, vol. 18., pp. 564–584. (In Russian).
  3. Glushchenko E. A. Rossiya v Srednej Azii. Zavoevaniya i preobrazovaniya. [Russia in Central Asia. Conquest and transformation]. M., 2010, 608 p. (In Russian).
  4. Grodekov N. N. Hivinskij pohod 1873 goda. Dejstviya kavkazskih otryadov. [The Khiva campaign of 1873. Actions of the Caucasian group]. Saint Petersburg, V. S. Balashev Printing House, 1888, 470 p. (In Russian).
  5. Lobysevich F. I. Opisanie Hivinskogo pohoda 1873 goda [Description of the Khiva campaign of 1873]. — Saint-Petersburg, Type. Partnership “Public Benefit”, 1898, 304 p. (In Russian).
  6. Posthumous papers of M. D. Skobelev. Istoricheskij vestnik. [Historical Bulletin]. 1882, no. 10, pp. 109–138, 275–294. (In Russian).
  7. Terentyev M. A. Istoriya zavoevaniya Srednej Azii [History of conquest of Central Asia]. In 3 Saint Petersburg, Type. V. V. Komarova, 1906, vol. 2, 547 p. (In Russian).
  8. Trotsky V. N. Materialy dlya opisaniya Hivinskogo pohoda 1873 goda [Materials for the description of the Khiva campaign of 1873]. Tashkent, Type. F. V. Bazilevsky, 1881–1882, Pt. 1–3, 615 p. (In Russian).
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2019 №1 (62) Article 8

N. S. Kozyakova

ANTI-COMMUNISM AS AN IDEOLOGY OF AUSTROFASCISM IN THE 1950s–1970s

УДК 321.64(=39)«195/197»

The article analyzes Austrofascism as an ideology of the second half of the 20th century. The phenomenon of Austrofascism is viewed at two levels: at the level of non-systematized fragmentary assessments and at the level of collective ideas. The author focuses on the impact of neofascism on national mentality. The article concludes that Austrofascism relied on the notion of anti-communism to strengthen its position in Austrian society.

anti-communism; Austrian Freedom Party; Social Partnership; world arena; neofascism

REFERENCES

 

  1. Galkin A. A. Germanskij fashizm [German fascism]. Moscow, Science, 1967. (In Russian).
  2. Galkin A. A. German fascismsocial origins of neo-fascism. Mezhdunarodnaya zhiznʼ [International life]. 1968, no. 4, 54 s. (In Russian).
  3. Chatterdzhi P. Imagined Communities: who they imagined. Nacii i nacionalizm [Nations and nationalism]. Moscow, 2002, 300 s. (In Russian).
  4. Gabriel I. (Hg.) Minderheiten und nationale Frage. Wien, 1993, 253 S. (In German).
  5. Hitler A. Mein Kampf. Munchen, 1936, 371 S. (In German).
  6. Horak K. Die Ersten oder die Letzten? Verlag Jungbrunnen. Wien, 1965, 32 S. (In German).
  7. Ley M., Gehmacher E. (Hrsg.) Das Ende der Nationalismus. Neue Fremdenfeindlichkeit und neonationalistische Aufbruche in Ost- und Westeuropa. Wien, 1996, 191 S. (In German).
  8. Osterreichnisches Jahrbuch fur Politik — 2001. Wien, 2002, s. 63–95. (In German).
  9. Schwarz G. Die Europamotivation der Osterreischer. Osterreichnisches Jahrbuch fur Politik — 1993. Wien, 1994, S. 675. (In German).
  10. Steininger R., Gehler M. (Hrsg.). Osterreisch im 20 Jahrhundert. Bd. 2: Vom zweiten Weltkrieg bis zur Gegenwart. Wien, 1997, 320 S. (In German).
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2019 №1 (62) Article 7

А.A. Shevchenko

THE ROLE ARMORED WARFARE PLAYED IN THE BATTLE OF MOSCOW NEAR RYAZAN DURING WORLD WAR II

UDC 947.085.1

The article treats the relevant problem of investigating military campaigns which constituted World War II. It focuses on the use of armored fighting vehicles during military operations that took place near Ryazan. The analysis of archival sources shows that the defensive line near Ryazan was maintained by the 17th Tank Brigade, whose reconnaissance operations secured access to occupied territories. Musing on the role of armored warfare, the author speaks about the T-26 tank used in the military operation near Ryazan and describes its design and its usage during military conflicts. Analyzing the reminiscences of the participants of military operations, the author shows that the T-26 tanks were used as linear tanks. The research shows that the T-26 light tanks were equipped with radio sets which enabled the T-26 tanks to control other armored warfare. The article maintains that the armored units have played an important role in securing the defense line near Ryazan. It also highlights the importance of qualified management of the Western front, which enabled armored units to defeat the enemy and to contribute to victory in World War II.

light tank; separate tank battalion; reconnaissance operations; tank brigade; teletank

REFERENCES

  1. Arhipov V. S. Vremja tankovyh atak [Time of tank attacks]. Moscow, Voenizdat Publ., 1981, 272 р. (In Russian).
  2. Buchnev Ju. V. Mihajlov 41-j. Hronika sobytij oseni-zimy 1941 g. [Mikhailov — the 41st. Chronicle of the events of the autumn — winter 1941]. Ryazan, 2011, 170 р. (In Russian).
  3. Golikov F. I. V Moskovskoj bitve (zapiski komandarma) [In the Moscow Battle (Notes of the Commander)]. Moscow, Science Publ., 1967, 200 р. (In Russian).
  4. Guderian G. Vospominanija nemeckogo generala. Tankovye vojska Germanii vo Vtoroj mirovoj vojne. 1939–1945 [Memories of the German General. German tank forces in World War II. 1939–1945]. Moscow, 2017, 572 р. (In Russian).
  5. Zhukov G. K. Vospominanija i razmyshlenija [Memories and Reflections]. Moscow, APN Publ., 1986, 981 р. (In Russian).
  6. Kolomiec M. T-26. Tjazhelaja sudʼba legkogo tanka [ T-26. The fate of the light tank]. Moscow, Jauza, Strategу KM, Еksmo Publ., 2007, 127 р. (In Russian).
  7. Mycikov M. I. Konec «Tajfuna» [End of Typhoon]. Kiev, Politizdat Ukraine Publ., 1985, 240 р. (In Russian).
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2019 №1 (62) Article 6

А. A. Panchenko

THE KHRUSHCHEV THAW AND ITS EFFECT ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS OF UNIVERSITIES IN THE 1950s

UDC 378.937(471.341-21)(09)«195»

The era of the Khrushchev Thaw is traditionally characterized by liberalization of domestic policies of the Soviet Union and a greater openness to the outer world compared to Stalinʼs reign. The initiation of international collaboration in the sphere of research enabled Soviet scholars and scientists to openly participate in academic activities and research. The article presents the results of a research aimed at the investigation of international communication of professors and students of Gorky Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages with their foreign colleagues during the period of the Khrushchev Thaw. The analysis of archival data and the Linguist newspaper issued by the Institute enables the author of the article to trace major trends in international communication and describe some crucial events and participants of international research. On one hand, these events secured further integration of Russian schools into international academic environment. On the other hand, they ensured a greater intensity of the Iron Curtain lifting.

higher linguistic education; Iron Curtain; international education; international communication; Khrushchev Thaw; Soviet Union

REFERENCES

  1. Aghajanyan L. L. «Thaw» in the history of national culture: opportunistic and enduring. “Ottepelʼ ” v istorii otechestvennoj kulʼtury: kon”yunkturnoe i neprekhodyashchee [Bulletin of the Moscow state University of culture and arts]. 2015, vol. 4, pp. 85–89. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24214755 (accessed 18.11.2018). (In Russian).
  2. Boroday A. D. The democratization of cultural life in the Soviet society under the influence of the «Khrushchev thaw». Demokratizaciya kulʼturnoj zhizni v sovetskom obshchestve pod vozdejstviem “hrushchevskoj ottepeli” [Bulletin of the State University of Management]. 2012, pp. 252–256. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=18386536. (аccessed 18.11.2018). (In Russian).
  3. Gorʼkovskij institut inostrannyh yazykov: stranicy istorii (1937–1987) [Gorky Institute of foreign languages: pages of history (1937–1987)]. Nizhny Novgorod, Volgo-Vyatskyky Publ., 1987. 120 p. (In Russian).
  4. Mulyukov S. M. Khrushchevʼs “thaw” as an attempt by the powers-to paralizovat society in the framework of the traditional political system. Hrushchevskaya “ottepelʼ” kak popytka vlasti li-beralizovatʼ obshchestvo v ramkah tradicionnoj politicheskoj sistemy [Social apolitica and sociology]. 2009, vol. 1. pp. 255–259. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=11917639 (accessed 18.11.2018). (In Russian).
  5. Sizov S. G. Higher education and science in Omsk in the years of «The Thaw» (March 1953 — 1964) Zapadnaya Sibirʼ i sopredel’nye territorii: demograficheskie i social’no-istoricheskie processy (XVIII–XX vv.) [Western Siberia and adjacent territories: demographic and socio-historical processes (XVIII–XX centuries)]. 2009, pp. 150–164. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24211644 (accessed 18.11.2018).
  6. Teluk K. R., Balakin V. S. “Thaw” in economic science of the USSR in 1950-ies: the political will or internal evolution? Politicheskij vektor-L. Kompleksnye problemy sovremennoj politiki [Political direction-L. the Complex problems of modern politics]. Chelyabinsk, 2015, vol. 1, pp. 61–68.
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