2019 №1 (62) Article 5

Yu. Solodyankina

WESTERN CIVILIZATION VIEWED THROUGH THE EYES OF CHINESE PEOPLE: A TEXTBOOK REVIEW

UDC 1(510):008(-15)

The article reviews a textbook called “The Excellent Figures in Western Culture: Names Worth Knowing in China”, which was prepared by the professorial staff of Shanghai Technological Institute for Chinese students studying the English language. The textbook contains biographies of 133 prominent scientists, scholars, musicians, artists and some politicians who have played a significant role in Western history. The book contains practically no information on engineers and technologists. All entries focus on the contribution made by these people to Western civilization. The analysis of the textbook shows that the Chinese people value literary, philosophical and artistic heritage, but are rather indifferent to political and economic aspects of Western civilization. The textbook contains parallel texts in English and Chinese. The author of the article underlines that the textbook contains some misleading information, while the list of prominent figures includes only five Russian people, which presents a totally distorted view of the Russian contribution to the development of world culture. Hence, political intentions of the authors of the textbook are clear. The article maintains that in an attempt to solve linguistic tasks, the textbook shapes a simplified and ideologically loaded image of Western civilization.

 

cultural figures; cultural dialogue; image of Western civilization

REFERENCES

 

  1. Barannikova N. B., Bezrogov V. G. Textbook of elementary school: to studying methodology. Markarova T. S., Bezrogov V. G. (eds.). Rebenok XVIII–XX stoletii v mire slov: istoriya rossiiskogo bukvarya, knigi dlya chteniya i uchebnoi khrestomatii: Sb. bibliograficheskikh materialov k Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, 1–2 oktyabrya 2009 g. [The child of the XVIII–XX centuries in the world of words: history of the Russian abc-book, book for reading and the educational anthology: collection of bibliographic materials for the International scientific conference, October 1–2, 2009]. Moscow, Russian State University for the Humanities, Tverʼ, Scientific book Publ., 2009, pp. 231–234. (In Russian).
  2. Bezrogov V. G. Textbooks of German as reflection of cultural and historical features of the first half of the XX century. Bezrogov V. G., Markarova T. S., Tsapenko  A. M. (eds.). Dorogoi drug. Sotsialʼnye modeli i normy v uchebnoi literature 1900–2000 godov (istoriko-pedagogicheskoe issledovanie) [Dear friend. Social models and norms in educational literature of 1900–2000 (a historical and pedagogical research)]. Moscow, Monuments to a historical thought Publ., 2016, pp. 175–209. (In Russian).
  3. Kanke V. A. Filosofiya uchebnika: 100 rekomendatsii dlya avtorov uchebnikov i uchebnykh posobii [Textbook philosophy: 100 recommendations for authors of textbooks and manuals]. Moscow, University book Publ., 2007, 117 p. (In Russian).
  4. Kostina A. V. The international scientific conference “Civilization identity in the modern world. Philosophy — Culture — Policy” (May 26–27, 2016, Moscow). Nauchnye trudy Moskovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta [Scientific works of the Moscow humanities university]. 2016, no 3, pp. 79–84. DOI: 10.17805/trudy.2016.3.10. (In Russian).
  5. Leontovich O. A. Mechanisms of cross-cultural communication. L.I. Grishaeva L. I., Strukova T. G. (eds.). Mezhkulʼturnaya kommunikatsiya i problemy natsionalʼnoi identichnosti [Cross-cultural communication and problems of national identity]. Voronezh, Voronezh State University Publ., 2002,
    pp. 29–35. (In Russian).
  6. Bezrogov V. G., Markarova T. S., Tsapenko  A. M. (eds.). Dorogoi drug. Sotsialʼnye modeli i normy v uchebnoi literature 1900–2000 godov (istoriko-pedagogicheskoe issledovanie) [Dear friend. Social models and norms in educational literature of 1900–2000 (a historical and pedagogical research)]. Moscow, Monuments to a historical thought Publ., 2016, pp. 5–10. (In Russian).
  7. Chubarʼyan A. O., Myoller H. (eds.), per. s nem. V. S. Dudareva. Rossiya — Germaniya: vekhi sovmestnoi istorii v kollektivnoi pamyati [Russia — Germany: milestones of joint history in collective memory]. In 3 vols. Vol. 3: XX century. Moscow, GAUGN-press Publ., 2015, 398 p. (In Russian).
  8. Dudarev V. S., Lavrinovich M. V., Myoller H.,  Sharf K. (eds.). Rossiya — Germaniya: vekhi sovmestnoi istorii v kollektivnoi pamyati [Russia — Germany: milestones of joint history in collective memory]. In 3 vols. Vol. 1: XVIII century. Moscow, GAUGN-press Publ., 2018. 419 p. (In Russian).
  9. Sokolov A. B. Shkolʼnyi uchebnik istorii v Soedinennykh Shtatakh Ameriki (XIX–XX vv.) [The school textbook of history in the United States of America (the 19–20th centuries)]. Yaroslavlʼ, Publishing house of YarGPU, 2011, 344 p. (In Russian).
  10. Ferro M. Kak rasskazyvayut istoriyu detyam v raznykh stranakh mira [The Use and Abuse of History: Or, How the Past is Taught]. Moscow, Higher school Publ., 1992, 351 p. (In Russian).
  11. Chenʼ M. In search of exact reflection: a game mahjong, World War II and ethnic Chinese in multicultural literature for children and youth. Balina M. R., Bezrogov V. G., Maslinskaya S. G., Maslinskii K. A., Tendryakova M. V.,  Sheridan S. (eds.). Konstruiruya detskoe: filologiya, istoriya, antropologiya [Designing childrenʼs: philology, history, anthropology]. Moscow : Azimut, Saint Petersburg, Publ., Nestor-History Publ., 2011, pp. 232–253. (In Russian).
  12. Epshtein I. Detstvo i globalizatsiya: k teoreticheskomu obosnovaniyu problemy. Bali-na M. R., Bezrogov V. G., Maslinskaya S. G., Maslinskii K. A., Tendryakova M. V., Sheridan S. (eds.). Konstruiruya detskoe: filologiya, istoriya, antropologiya [Designing childrenʼs: philology, history, anthropology]. Moscow, Azimut Publ., St. Petersburg, Nestor-History Publ., 2011, pp. 479–496. (In Russian).
  13. Yakushev M. V. Typological features of the textbook as type of the educational edition. Uchenye zapiski Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Scientific notes of the Oryol state university]. 2014, no 4 (60), pp. 308–314. (In Russian).
  14. Ferro M. Comment on raconte lʼhistoire aux enfants : à travers le monde entire. Paris, Payot, 1981, 316 p. (In French).
  15. Yan Nancy, Zhihong Chen, Jackchen, Yan Ken, Yao David, Ma Zoya, Zhai Weiming. The excellent figures in western culture: Names worth knowing in China. Beijing, Chemical Industry Press, 2012, 304 p. (In English).


Copyright 2020. All rights reserved.

Posted Tuesday November 19th, 2019 by admin in category "Без рубрики