2019 №1 (62) Article 14

I.M. Sheina

RUSSIAN BORROWINGS IN THE ALEUT LANGUAGE AS AN ASPECT OF RUSSIAN AMERICA HERITAGE

UDC 811.56’373.45(=82)

The article presents the results of semantic and stylistic analyses of Russian borrowings in the Aleut language. The study aims at clarifying the specific features of Russian-Aleut cross-cultural and cross-linguistic contacts. The focus of the research is on borrowings proper, words that were borrowed both in form and in meaning. The influx of Russian words is explained by both extra-linguistic and linguistic factors. It was necessary to give names to new objects and phenomena, and changes in the life style revealed the necessity of further specification of thematic groups. The semantic analysis helped to identify the thematic groups with the largest influx of Russian words. The stylistic analysis revealed a significant number of dialectal words, historical words, archaisms and professionalisms. The results of the study show a profound and multifaceted impact of the Russian language and culture on the Aleuts.

archaisms; borrowings; dialectal words; historical words; professionalisms; Russian America; thematic groups

REFERENCES

  1. Weinreich, W. Yazykovye kontakty [Language contacts]. Kiev, Vyscha shkola, 1979. 246 p.
  2. Golovko E. V., Vakhtin N. B. Asinovsky A. S. YAzyk komandorskih aleutov. Dialekt ostrova Bering [The Language of the commander Aleuts. The dialect of Bering island]. Saint Petersburg, Science, 2009. 355 p. (In Russian).
  3. Black L. T. Russians in Alaska 1732–1867. Fairbanks, Alaska : Alaska University Press, 2004. 328 p. (In English).
  4. Bergsland K. Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks, Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1994, 755 p. (In English).


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Posted Wednesday November 20th, 2019 by admin in category "Без рубрики